Get patient information about walking up and down stairs after heart surgery. I might try some bubble bath tonight, I normally use bubbles but have been a bit scared although I have been using normal soap (not unscented etc) since the start so should be ok. Taking a Bath After a C-Section. Stitches and dressings Cuts on your abdomen will be closed by stitches or glue. This is based on a lot of research that shows that surgical wounds are water tight after 48 hours. If you see stitches on your sanitary pad, check your episiotomy with a mirror to make sure the skin is still closed and looks healed. There are no stitches, but there is a small piece of gauze where the abscess was drained. How to Take Care of Your Wound After Surgery. Although the skin does seal 48-72 hours after surgery. There are no dressings on your eyelids after surgery. Non absorbable stitches are applied in case of skin wounds or internal wounds. Your incision may be slightly red around the stitches or staples. You may shower after 24-48 hours if you have no drains. If the dressing or steri-strips fall off, do not attempt to replace them. If you have staples holding your wound together, they should be removed about 10 days after your operation. If your question is not answered below, feel free to ask about it in the comments and I’d be happy to respond there. The degree of swelling that occurs depends on the surgical location. You will stay overnight for 1 or more nights. Non-dissolvable stitches, clips and staples are usually removed by a nurse or doctor after 3 to 14 days. Today, after recently getting stitches removed due to a surfing accident, I had to go to the hospital again to have my eye stitched up due to an idiot who brought a surfboard to a pool, got on it outside the pool, and it slipped from under him and into my face. If stiches are removed a ny time after the first week they can bathe 2 days following stitch removal. If you have gauze and paper tape, you may remove it two days after surgery and shower after that. Do not peel them off. Some medicines are available without a prescription. Unluckily, his another eye was blinded cause of cataract for a few years ago. Do not soak in a bath tub, hot. The initial healing phase, which closes up the socket, usually takes 2-3 weeks. Having a bath bench or shower seat in the shower can help tremendously, especially if you are supposed to limit movement or if you are feeling sore. Either way, usually it only takes 7-14 days for the scope holes to heal and stitches to come out. Hi ladies,Was just looking a bit of advise from any of u ladies who have had the stitch removed?I got my stitch removed at 36+3 which was 7days ago after it was placed at 15+2. The exact percentage of permanent impairment can only be assessed after surgery," it adds. Be careful walking around after surgery, and don't bump into doors or other objects. You won’t be released from medical center you may need a catheter if that doesn’t work before you wee, so having a warm bath or shower can help but. Ask for Help. If you have gauze and paper tape, you may remove it two days after surgery and shower after that. Exposure to gentle streams of water 24 hours after surgery for incisions closed with tissue glue is considered acceptable in most cases. Your doc will remove your sutures or staples in the hospital after a few days, although they may opt to do it later at their office after you’ve been discharged. How To Take Care Of Your Cat’s Stitches After Surgery 09. ★ Natural Relief For Pain And Swelling After Knee Replacement Surgery - Pain Gone in 7 Days or Less! 100% Natural. This has been echoed in my patients, who I have discovered are arriving for surgery poorly prepared as to what to expect after the operation. Be careful walking around after surgery, and don't bump into doors or other objects. If the tumor is detected as a result of the necessary tests, the patient should be operated immediately. Had a terrible reaction. For the first two weeks after you get home, you will need to rest. and prevent it from healing over too quickly. Immediately after surgery your wound will be covered with sterile bandages. These will stay on for about a week. Maybe they want to attend a wedding, visit family, or just go on vacation. Common problems after a catheter is removed: • Burning and/or stinging when you pass urine (pee). I need to have them removed later this week when I will be in London on holiday. I asked him to remove my stitches. THROUGH the ages, a wide range of materials have been used to close deep cuts and other wounds, including cobwebs, the jaws of leaf-cutting insects and, in modern medicine, stitches and staples. His eye was popped out because of a dramatic accident. The results of surgery are never guaranteed, however. But you may not be prepared for the swelling that occurs after surgery. After surgery, the skin is rapidly repopulated with bacteria from these sources. There are some steps you can take after your surgery to make those first few days more tolerable. Laparoscopic surgery — Women who have minimally invasive abdominal surgery (laparoscopic or robotic) have small incisions and are usually sent home with stitches (sutures) or tape strips (Steri-strips). Ways to decrease swelling after plastic surgery. It is important to not get the wound wet for at least five days. If at all possible, don't sneeze or vomit right after surgery. A major key to making sure that the breast lift process is as comfortable as possible is planning ahead of time. My uterus and right ovary removed. Brew with the above ratios and add to a Peri Bottle for use after going to the bathroom. Results and Outcome Studies. You might find it hard to wee after pregnancy. You can relieve this by keeping active and resting your legs up on a stool when you are sitting. There are some steps you can take after your surgery to make those first few days more tolerable. No staples or stitches. You might have to visit your surgeon to remove the stitches after a week. Take a shower instead of a bath if you have stitches or skin tape on your incision. Many women continue to feel discomfort for four to six weeks after a caesarean so getting down into and up out of a bathtub can be difficult. However, this is dependent on the location and size of the wound. *A detailed aftercare plan will be outlined by your surgeon and given to you during your surgical scheduling. But today they were removed and i forgot to ask my doctors if i could properly bath now. Advice after prolapse surgery in the vagina We do not advise early removal of the stitches as this please do not have a bath for four weeks. Brew with the above ratios and add to a Peri Bottle for use after going to the bathroom. This is normal as long as it is firm and not painful. They can be bathed gently using a soft washcloth, soap and water. Some surgeons use dissolving stitches, which don't need to be removed. Recovery from De Quervain’s tenosynovitis surgery will often include a period of icing and immobilization to alleviate post operative pain and swelling. During the first two days you can wash but keep the dressing dry. after surgery and 4 miles per day every day for the next 5 days (4 mph). For example, if a surgeon closes incisions with stitches, then the patient usually must return a week after surgery for suture removal. days, you can remove it after this time (unless you are advised otherwise) and have a shower or bath, but avoid soaking in the bath. Sutures can be the kind that are removed once the tissue is healing, or they may be absorbable, and will dissolve into your skin without the need to be manually removed. After removing your stitches, your doctor may permit you to rinse the wound. After plastic surgery or a cosmetic procedure such as breast augmentation of tummy tuck, showering can help keep your wound or incision area clean, as well as help you relax and rest while recovering. He may place small strips of medical tape across your wound after the sutures have been removed. They just took out his stitches this morning. Nerve injuries and paralysis can be caused by a number of different problems, including:. Exercising your arm: Your surgeon may show you an exercise routine you can do after surgery to prevent arm and shoulder stiffness on the side where you had the lumpectomy. Ovarian cyst removal is surgery to remove a cyst or cysts from one or both of your ovaries. There are no dressings on your eyelids after surgery. com) Billing/Payments: Ann Marriott (
In 1 week, your child may take a tub bath if all stitches have been removed. Since licking can get your pet's stitches wet, it's important to make sure he refrains from doing so. How to Take Care of Your Wound After Surgery. This is usually the second day after surgery. Before the surgery begins: An IV line is put into a vein in your arm or hand. A mother has given birth to a 'miracle' baby boy ten weeks after her waters first broke. The bandage and gauze applied by the doctor after the circumcision should be removed 48 hours after the procedure by soaking the area in a shallow bath. Apply it every day after the stitches are removed. The surgeon will see your child in a follow-up clinic visit four to six weeks after your child goes home after surgery. it's now very ucomfortable to sit. Typically, after your stitches have been removed or dissolved and the wound has completely healed, it will again be safe to swim at the beach or in the pool. Scalp wounds only Wash your hair with mild shampoo as soon as possible after treatment and then not again until after the stitches have been removed. The Achilles tendon surgery recovery can take quite a long time. Call us at 610-642-5040 if you have questions. Combined with occlusive bandaging, this will help prevent bacterial infections that impede proper healing. It will do no harm if the wound gets washed whilst you are in the shower. Itching around the stitches is common and normal and it is good sign of healing process. It tends to take between 2 and 4 weeks for stitches between the vagina and back passage (perineum) to heal, but everyone is different and you may find it takes longer. 13 Bath Road, Reading, Berkshire RG1 6NB Appointments: Helen Storey (helen. bath or shower after surgery?" "Can I get my stitches (sutures) wet in the. If stiches are removed a ny time after the first week they can bathe 2 days following stitch removal. I was back on the stationary bike by day 6 after surgery and made 13 miles at 111 Watts. When capillaries, arteries or veins rupture, blood oozes out of the blood vessels and flow into the surrounding tissues, causing a pool of blood. The bad breath may be a sign of dry socket. Replace the dressing or completely remove it if no drainage. When to seek advice. Caring for Your Skin after a Wart Removal Procedure When it comes to wart removal, a large amount of focus is placed on the removal itself. The initial healing phase, which closes up the socket, usually takes 2-3 weeks. In many cases, surgery can be avoided by adopting natural foot rehabilitation techniques, but sometimes surgery is required. Patients will be given a prescription to begin physical therapy for back exercises, to start 4-6 weeks after the surgery. If I was alone, I put my baby in the bouncy seat in the bathroom. Had a terrible reaction. Facial wounds usually have stitches removed after 3 to 5 days, while those over a joint where the skin is constantly moving may be left in for a couple of weeks. If at all possible, don't sneeze or vomit right after surgery. If you have staples holding your wound together, they should be removed about 10 days after your operation. Recovery from partial nail plate or toenail matrix removal surgery This technique is also called the Winograd Procedure and it is commonly used for ingrown toenail surgery. But after having delivered the katakan's head to the guard, he had been jumped by a couple of troublemakers. (Above: The Class of 1949 and the Red Carpet Dress in the store front window at the Tapps Art Center. Results and Outcome Studies. Keep the wound dry. It may seem like a simple enough procedure, but if your cat has undergone general anesthesia and surgery to remove his claws (onychectomy), he will need special nurturing and care for several days after he returns home from the veterinary hospital. you should keep them covered for at least a week, I got my hubby to buy me some waterproof dressings, they were about 30-50p each but well worth it, everyday after my shower I would then remove the dressing. This is a common form of surgery for hernia repair. Step by step instructions for showering: Remove the bra; Remove all the GAUZE (these are the white squares that are being help on by tape on breasts) DO NOT remove the STERISTRIPS (the white tape on the incision) TAKE SHOWER (no tub bath) with soap and water. The surgery takes about 4 to 6 hours. Limit Physical Activity. Stitches are often removed after 5 to 10 days, but this depends on where they are. Wounds are closed with stitches (sometimes called sutures), metal clips, staples or glue. They can be bathed gently using a soft washcloth, soap and water. This should go away on its own, but you may try some of these measures to help decrease the amount of discomfort that you have. Do not submerge or soak the incision in water (bath, pool or tub). Ovarian cyst removal is surgery to remove a cyst or cysts from one or both of your ovaries. Day Before Surgery. (Reuters Health) - Many patients may be able to shower just two days after their operations without increasing their risk of infections around the incision site, a recent study suggests. Some surgeons have patients return within a day or two after surgery and again a week later. "Your guinea pig will likely come home from the vet chipper, bright, and eating. By the time the stitches are absorbed, the skin is strong and the edges should not separate. After the dressing is removed, you will notice that it is covered with tapes (steri-strips). The only medication I had after surgery was two tylenol. When I was an intern, I recall that patients never were allowed to bathe or shower until their stitches were. I've had quite a bit of bleeding since they were removed, its not gushing or anything but I have to change my gauze a couple times a day. Important notice! Currently all patients will have dissolvable stitches and there will be NO stitches to remove. Maybe he/she was neutered or spayed and sent home with stitches or staples. You can have a bath at this time. I'm 2 weeks pp and had a small episiotomy and stitches from that and from a manual placenta removal. That felt like a major hurdle to get past. Wait a week before soaking in a bath or swimming in a pool (completely submerging). Either let it air dry or pat it dry with something. Following is a list of the most common questions I’ve received about double jaw surgery. Dissolvable stitches usually disappear in about 1 to 3 weeks, but it can take longer, depending on the type you have. Chelsea Sykes, DVM, a veterinary surgeon at the new SPCA Tampa Bay Veterinary Center. Just now getting full strength and mobility. Can i bath after my stitches are removed? vibha46 i had an abdominal surgery for removal of a ovarian cyst (and they removed my left ovary too) and was told not to bath. my nose and my mouth) by a plastic surgeon. A sitz bath works wonders in relieving perineal pain after delivery. Most first time mothers that have a vaginal delivery will end up with stitches. You can take a bath or a shower 24 hours after you get home, but your. I think it is also a good idea to do the exercises before surgery. Exercising your arm: Your surgeon may show you an exercise routine you can do after surgery to prevent arm and shoulder stiffness on the side where you had the lumpectomy. After her first small meal, while still recovering from the anesthetic, she gets sick and vomits all over herself. Here’s what you expect after brain surgery (according to me, at least): It takes a long time to recover. Two weeks after the stitches are removed you may begin using an over-the-counter scar pad to improve the appearance of the scar if desired. Common problems after a catheter is removed: • Burning and/or stinging when you pass urine (pee). You may shower one day after the drain(s) is out and if you have a plastic dressing. These should be removed at least 3 weeks after surgery. Avoid using any cosmetic oils, creams and lotions on the stitches or around the area as they may contain ingredients which can irritate the incision — get a specific scar gel instead to help treat the area. If your leg is under a cast you will need to keep it dry. You will not have stitches, but have small sticking plaster strips to keep the skin edges together, and waterproof dressings over these so you can wash and shower. The doctor will ask you to stay in rest for about 24 hours or at least for the remainder of the day. Facial wounds usually have stitches removed after 3 to 5 days, while those over a joint where the skin is constantly moving may be left in for a couple of weeks. Do not pull them off. Avoid getting the area wet. The stitches became very red and raised. Dry the area thoroughly with a dry, clean towel. The first week at home was difficult with tiredness and some pain. Before your Surgery. having donated a kidney I went home after 3 days. Sutures (stitches) or staples will be removed about 10 to 14 days after surgery. We suggest clear liquids and a very light meal the first meal the day of surgery. Wound care has simply consisted of gentle washing during normal daily showering and the application of a small amount of Betadine/antiseptic solution daily. You get stitches when the skin has be cut and during the initial stages of healing, it can disturb some of the fragile. Can you bathe a dog with stitches? How do you bathe a dog with stitches?. While this is inconvenient, there are a couple things you can do to make it easier for you. They just took out his stitches this morning. Expect to go home after surgery, so plan for a friend/ family member to drive you home. A light nose drain is placed inside the nose after surgery. Exercising your arm: Your surgeon may show you an exercise routine you can do after surgery to prevent arm and shoulder stiffness on the side where you had the lumpectomy. Other stitches may need to be removed. The frenulum, if it has been removed during circumcision, is usually the last place to heal. If your incision has any opening s, do not shower unless your doctor says you can. Do not take a bath. Ways to decrease swelling after plastic surgery. In some instances you will be asked to leave the dressing on for longer. Not wanting to drink the night after surgery is normal. Think about switching from traditional litter to shredded paper, as the dust from litter could lead to an infection. If I was alone, I put my baby in the bouncy seat in the bathroom. This will also get. Staples and stitches are always meant to be removed 7-10 days after op. Unluckily, his another eye was blinded cause of cataract for a few years ago. Keeping the incision site clean and dry is key to avoiding infection. Limit Physical Activity. Carefully wash the area with soap and water. Ointment or lotion is not recommended. And his claim that the stiches would dissolve in a week's time if I sat in a warm water bath is. Going home after stoma surgery SecuriCare Careline 0800 585 125 www. By the time the stitches are absorbed, the skin is strong and the edges should not separate. Vaginal hysterectomies use internal incisions to close the vaginal cuff, with the stitches being absorbed by the body. Your doctor used either stitches, staples, tissue glue, or tape strips to close the incision. Do not let your dog's sutures or incision get wet in the rain or outside in wet grass. Cosmetic Surgery Guide states that discomfort following mole removal is generally mild and varies depending on the type of procedure performed. Care after Placement of Your Pacemaker Your incision care: • The pacemaker may bulge slightly under the skin. Begin warm salt-water rinses (1/2 teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water) the day after surgery, and rinse four to five times a day, especially after meals. I had many stitches after a serious tear and the only thing that made me feel more comfortable was a daily bath - but had to be warm rather than hot, and with lavender oil or tea tree oil rather than lovely perfumed bubble bath. You may shower after 24-48 hours if you have no drains. 85% of bunion operations are successful with minimal side effects. Download this form in PDF (24KB) Discharge Instructions. A woman needed 14 stitches to her face after a 'violent attack'. It will slip out of your nose with very little effort or discomfort. Here’s what you expect after brain surgery (according to me, at least): It takes a long time to recover. On the other handdissolvable stitches disappear and thereis no need for any additional interventions. This week's home recovery has been a challange. After soaking the compression dressing off in the bath the day after my circumcision I had twice daily baths with a little salt added. Normally they are wore only till 5 weeks. Do not take long showers or drench the wound in a bath. Policies regarding the timing of follow up visits after liposuction vary from surgeon to surgeon. But it may require. When do the stitches come out? If you have stitches in your skin that need to be removed, we will generally remove those approximately 10-14 days after your surgery, in the office. After that thing improved noticeably on a daily basis. In fact, petrolatum has been shown to increase the rate of skin growth (scientifically referred to ‘re-epithelialization’) and reduce scarring!. Recovery: What to Expect While Healing after Breast Reduction Surgery Initial Breast Reduction Surgery Recovery: Anesthesia After you are awakened and brought into the recovery room following your breast reduction surgery , the recovery nurse will monitor your vital stats until you are ready to be released. If your sutures are not the dissolvable type, see a doctor or nurse when it is time for them to be removed. A healthcare professional will usually remove them after a few weeks. The type of incision you have depends on the type of heart surgery you had: If you had a traditional sternal incision, your surgeon used sternal wires to close your breastbone, and your chest incision was closed with internal or external stitches. If you have one, you will wear it for about 2 weeks. After your stitches/staples are removed you no longer need to keep a bandage over your wound. For the other operations, the paper stitches will be replaced and need to be kept on for another 4 weeks. The incisions made during neutering don't require stitches, so your little guy should feel better within a few days, although it will take him up to 10 days to fully heal. Don't take a shower or bath for the first 24 hours after the procedure. After the baby is delivered, stitches will be used to close the incision or any tears that occur accidentally during delivery. How to Take Care of Your Wound After Surgery. Today, after recently getting stitches removed due to a surfing accident, I had to go to the hospital again to have my eye stitched up due to an idiot who brought a surfboard to a pool, got on it outside the pool, and it slipped from under him and into my face. Keep the wound dry until the stitch is removed, which should be seven days after your operation. Livingston on can i get in hot tub after mole removal: Are you saying that your skin is dark because you are dirty?. Your doctor used either stitches, staples, tissue glue, or tape strips to close the incision. $Hartman$has$recommended$that$you$use$vinegar$soaks$as$part$of$your$ wound$care$regimen. I'm sure it helped with recovery. Your cat may be likelier to hide after surgery. A woman needed 14 stitches to her face after a 'violent attack'. Fact : While it's true that the initial mole removal recovery period is fairly quick and you can return to activities previously prohibited, such as taking baths and swimming, after one to two weeks, there is an important step you can take for your skin's care in the long term. So he was totally blinded now. If you can plan ahead, have your dog groomed before surgery so she can wait for a full recovery before having her next bath. Adding some extra jingle and sparkle to your backyard with beaded wind chime does beautify your garden. When the magical moment arrives that you can again safely take a full-body bath after a c-section, you will want to take care getting in and out of the bathtub. You can take a bath or a shower 24 hours after you get home, but your incision (the cut from your procedure) site must stay dry for 5 to 7 days. Do not soak in a bath tub, hot. THROUGH the ages, a wide range of materials have been used to close deep cuts and other wounds, including cobwebs, the jaws of leaf-cutting insects and, in modern medicine, stitches and staples. The knee dressing can be peeled off easily ten days after the surgery and, as the stitches are internal, they do not need to be removed. Do not put any ointment or creams over the incisions for the first 6 weeks after surgery or while the incision is open, draining or scabbed. (source) If you are using a sitz bath primarily to treat a hemorrhoid, speed the healing process by applying a little witch hazel after your bath. In case they use stitches, they will use just a few per incision for most laparoscopic hysterectomies. Can I give him a shower the same day they removed his stitches? Also my other dog is dealing with some irritation, can I give her a shower while she has irritation? Thnx in advance. If you have any gauze or dressings over the stitches, remove them before taking a shower. Your recovery time will depend on the type of surgery performed. Stitches and Staples. Wound care has simply consisted of gentle washing during normal daily showering and the application of a small amount of Betadine/antiseptic solution daily. Just be sure to follow the directions of your medical professional, who may instruct the following:. So I was down a while. The 2 row repeat makes the stitches cross in alternating directions from row to row. Your provider may place small strips of medical tape across your wound after the stitches have been removed. Your child may have a shower or a brief bath after 24 hours, but do not soak or scrub the wound until it has fully healed. You can wash the area only with a moist face cloth. When capillaries, arteries or veins rupture, blood oozes out of the blood vessels and flow into the surrounding tissues, causing a pool of blood. The incisions are covered with a water-proof glue called Dermabond. A light nose drain is placed inside the nose after surgery. Do not soak in a bath tub, hot. Fortunately, there are things you can do to reduce swelling and inflammation after plastic surgery. Subacromial Decompression Surgery What do I do about the wound? Your wound will have a showerproof dressing on when you are discharged. Pat dry with a clean tissue, again from front to back. Your incisions are typically closed with absorable sutures (meaning no stitches need to be removed). Taking care of a vaginal tear after childbirth. ” Regardless of the type of surgery, caring for your cat after surgery can be a challenge. If you do need to have stitches removed, this usually happens a week or so after your surgery. Keep your precious pet on the right track to recovery by making sure he's always dry as can be after surgery. The doctor installed the pad (with proper insulation to prevent burning) under my brace and wrap after surgery, and all I had to do was fill the unit with ice water and hook it up. That area of your face heals a little bit more slowly. Or, it is covered with a liquid adhesive (skin glue). -it is normal to see blood 2. After a Mohs surgery procedure, most patients find the recovery process simple and easy thanks to the streamlined surgical approach that leaves surrounding tissue unharmed. Avoid scratching or rubbing your wound during recovery. I used episom salts and warmth and that helped me to feel less pain and discomfort in the first week after birth. There are no dressings on your eyelids after surgery. A light nose drain is placed inside the nose after surgery. • Ensure you carefully dry your wound after getting it wet by patting it gently with a clean towel. After the first week, switch to petroleum jelly to facilitate continued new skin growth. During this visit, the surgical team takes x-rays, examines the incision site, and interviews the patient to determine if the recovery is progressing as expected. Learn how to care for your perineum after giving birth to maximize healing, including proper cleaning and watching for hemorrhoids, pain, and swelling. you should keep them covered for at least a week, I got my hubby to buy me some waterproof dressings, they were about 30-50p each but well worth it, everyday after my shower I would then remove the dressing. This is usually the second day after surgery. 5) Suture removal after dog spaying surgery: If your dog had superficial, non-absorbable skin sutures placed in its skin to closeits canine desexing wound, then these will need to be removed once the incision line has healed. You may need to have the wound and dressing checked at your GP practice the day after your discharge, the nurses will discuss this with you if it is necessary. At 8-12 weeks after surgery, patients will be given a prescription to begin physical therapy for gentle back exercises. Therefore it is up to you and your family at home, to aid them in their recovery by making sure they are warm and comfortable, and by observing the following points. A bath after your delivery is actually recommended by experts so that your body will start repairing itself more quickly. Your doctor used either stitches, staples, tissue glue, or tape strips to close the incision. You need to check your pet’s incision twice a day. This week's home recovery has been a challange. You may have black and blue areas around the incisions. How many cuts (incisions) will I have and how long will they be? You will have 2 (sometimes 3) incisions made either side of the knee joint measuring 1cm in length; they are closed with nylon stitches (sutures) which are removed 10-14 days after the operation. I chose option A, i. Doctors give unbiased, trusted information on the use of Mole Removal for Moles: Dr. The stitches became very red and raised. Do this a few times each day. I got really impatient with myself. Back to Top. Stitches and Staples. During this process you have. Your doctor used either stitches, staples, tissue glue, or tape strips to close the incision. It takes around 10 to 15 days after the surgery to be. The only pain I experienced was when the vaginal packing was removed. They need to be removed within 4-14 days. Carefully targeted injections of a highly purified, naturally occurring protein relax facial muscles, smoothing the appearance of wrinkles. When I was an intern, I recall that patients never were allowed to bathe or shower until their stitches were. Keep your wound dry for 24-48 hours unless told otherwise. While you should be able to return to your normal activities after a month or two, a full recovery typically takes about 4-6 months. It takes around 10 to 15 days after the surgery to be. You likely will be scheduled to see your surgeon within a couple weeks after surgery. They brought in a plastic surgeon to close the wound to minimize the scarring.